Observations on Hilda patruelis Stal. :440-442, González-Hernández H, Johnson MW, Reimer NJ, 1999. 2005. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Preferred name: Pheidole megacephala ; Authority: (Fabricius) Common names. Poziom trudności: Średni. This ant is predaceous and scavenging, and may attend Homoptera for honey dew. Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels), 4:223-250, Emery C, 1919. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Investigation of stored-product insect pests and their natural enemies in Chichijima Island, Ogasawara (Bonin), Japan. 2020. Afr. Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire. Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by the Rev. Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Zimbabwe.Australasian Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand.Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Cook Islands, Fiji, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia, Kiribati, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Guinea, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna Islands.Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius (type locality), Mayotte, Réunion, Seychelles.Nearctic Region: United States.Neotropical Region: Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Greater Antilles, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (French part), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.Oriental Region: India, Nicobar Island, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands, China, Egypt, Greece, Iran, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Oman, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Série A. Sciences Naturelles 34: 611-654. The bigheaded ant (BHA), Pheidole megacephala(Fabricius), is a very successful invasive species that is sometimes considered a danger to native ants and has been nominated as among 100 of the "World's Worst" invaders (Hoffman 2006). … Australian Journal of Zoology, 44(1):81-95; 32 ref, Reichensperger A, 1913. Color variable from light to dark brown, head and gaster often darker than the rest. Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Universiteit (Wageningen University). Roger, J. Mem. Lille brandmyre in Danish big- headed ant in English Control of the bigheaded ant Pheidole megacephala Mayr. Preliminary Assessment on the Interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in Native Ant Communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a Mosaic Gallery Forest/Savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, Wilson EO, 1971. Preliminary assessment on the interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in native ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a mosaic gallery forest/savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. Santschi F. 1937. Japanese Journal of Entomology (New Series). Hafniae [= Copenhagen]: C. G. Proft, 519 pp. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus mana : US Fish and Wildlife Service.30 pp. In Florida, P. megacephala occurs from Tampa through the Florida Keys, with one record from the coast of St. Johns Co. Its rarity in north Florida is probably due to cooler winter temperatures. Fourmis angolaises. Outlook on Agriculture, 7(5):211-217, Takahashi K, Ohbayashi T, Sota N, 2000. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 68(1):105-121, Tinzaara W, 2005. Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Universiteit (Wageningen University), viii + 184 pp, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. 32 (2), 215-223. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2007.05.002, Wetterer J K, Espadaler X, Wetterer A L, Aguin-Pombo D, Franquinho-Aguiar A M, 2007. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 16:89-98, Wilson EO, 2003. Insectes Sociaux 32(2): 128-139. Official Control: Pheidole megacephala is listed as a quarantine pest by French Polynesia, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 14. Ser. The BHA has been a pest in southern Florida for many years, and according to reports by pest control operators, it is becoming an even more pervasive nuisance as it displaces other ants, such as the red imported fire ant (RIFA), Solenopsis invicta Buren, and the white-fo… New hymenopterous parasites of ants (Chalcidoidae: Eucharidae). Promesonotum largely smooth, except superficial punctures anteriorly near the neck, mesopleuron and propodeum punctate to weakly punctate, often with superficially sculptured to smooth areas laterally. Poliginiczny.Gatunek ten zazwyczaj zabija wszystkie inne gatunki mrówek, na terenie na którym występuje. Wheeler W. M. 1922. Fischer and Fisher (2013) - Possibly as a result of its wide distribution and local abundances, a number of subspecies and synonyms have accumulated during the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Fruits (Paris), 50(5):343-346; 11 ref, Reichel H, Andersen AN, 1996. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 24(1):51-67, Berry JA, Green OR, Shattuck SO, 1997. 1892. Meddelanden från Göteborgs Musei Zoologiska Afdelning. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 8(1): 006–029. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 8(1):29-43, Chang VCS, 1985. Jest jedną ze 100 najgorszych inwazyjnych gatunków świata. Wilson E O, Taylor R W, 1967. Superfamily Formicoidea. Nazwa: Pheidole megacephala. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Upper: major. Q+10w Propodeum about as long as high, in profile slightly declining toward spines. I. Formicidae. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, McEwen FL, Beardsley JW, Hapai M, Su TH, 1979. General accounts of this important species are given by Wilson (1971), Holldobler and Wilson (1990), and D. F. Williams et al. Pheidole megacephala Jest gatunkiem inwazyjnej mrówki, występującym głównie w Ameryce Północnej, oraz Australii. aNtAsaur. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Campus. Pheidole megacephala (Fabr.). Santschi F. 1939. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Challenging the Wallacean shortfall: A total assessment of insect diversity on Guadeloupe (French West Indies), a checklist and bibliography. 3. Especially the majors of P. megacephala and P. decepticon are in many characters almost identical and both vary significantly in their development of the typically heart-shaped head. Pheidole megacephala, the most abundant and most dispersed predator, prefers humid forest habitats (Hoffmann et al. 2013: A revision of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the islands of the southwest Indian Ocean and designation of a neotype for the invasive Pheidole megacephala. Extrait des Mémoires publiés par la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles. Entomol. 2014e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015a. Ent. i think its a seed collector not sure.. 26 (1), 31-36. Borowiec L., and S. Salata. Submedian hypostomal teeth very small to inconspicuous, median process absent. Soc. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6:63-70, Castiñeiras A, Caballero S, Rego G, Gonzalez M, 1982. (2006) found pupae of this species in an Okinawa Island (southern Japan) population were parasitized by an undescribed Uropodidae mite species. The ants of Tokelau. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. The ant mosaic on cocoa and other tree crops in western Nigeria. Insect pests of coconuts in the Pacific region. New World - Widespread although spottily distributed, and sometimes locally very abundant, from southern Florida, Bermuda, and the Bahamas south through the West Indies, southern Mexico, and Central America, to as far south in South America as Santa Catarina, Brazil (Wilson 2003). In: Williams, DF, ed. Discovery-dominance trade-off among widespread invasive ant species. Eguchi, K. 2001. Ent. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. Columns of foragers travel substantial distances from one nest site to another and to food sources. (Catálogo abreviado das formigas da Regiao Neotropical). The bionomics and ecology of the red tree ant, Oecophylla sp. Washington, D. C. USA: Smithsonian Institution Press. 2016. Kouakou L. M. 2015. Journal of Applied Entomology, 113(3):258-264. 2014a, Hylaeus assimulans (assimulans yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, The soldiers are about four millimetres in length, twice as long as the minor workers. FORMIS : Pheidole. 30. U.S. Wash. 55: 49-84 (page 75, larva described), Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Syst. 2016. & Griff. 2018. Biotropica 1-11. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Extension Bulletin - Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.493:1-7; 11 ref, Leston D, 1973. Santschi, F. "Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola, 1928-1929. Several of the subspecies are probably synonyms (unpublished data), and a number of described and undescribed related species add to the taxonomic confusion within the megacephala group. Interference by ants in biological control of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Ghana. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6(3):11-14, Castiñeiras A, Obregon O, Borges A, 1985. 2007. 3: 97-110. Common name. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris. Australian Entomologist, 30(1):31-38; 17 ref, Zerhusen D, Rashid M, 1992. Population increase of Toumeyella cubensis (Homoptera: Coccidae) associated with Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae). Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences. 1005-1055. Economic aspects of our predacious ant, Pheidole megacephala. Djieto-Lordon, C., A. Dejean, R.A. Ring, B. Aloys. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, 23-43, Perkins RCL, 1913. Florida Entomologist, 78:109-118, Lagnaoui A, Cisneros F, Alcazar J, Morales F, 2000. Beitrag zu den Ergebnissen der Westafrika-Expedition. Introduction. Predation on Liothrips urichi Karny (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae): a case of biotic interference. The maintenance of the ant mosaic in Ghana cocoa farms. Role of insect communities and water in the dissemination of Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Behavioral responses to numerical differences when two invasive ants meet: the case of Lasius neglectus and Linepithema humile. tree. Outlook on Agriculture. Emery C. 1915. U.S. Biological Invasions. This pest can also be seen in many cities and towns throughout WA. (n=19): HW 1.10–1.54 (1.30), HL 1.04–1.59 (1.30), SL 0.59–0.76 (0.67), MDL 0.59–0.82 (0.70), EL 0.15–0.19 (0.17), WL 0.94–1.22 (1.06), PNH 0.36–0.54 (0.45), PNW 0.54–0.74 (0.62), MNH 0.61–0.80 (0.68), PDH 0.33–0.53 (0.37), PTL 0.31–0.44 (0.38), PPL 0.23–0.29 (0.26), PTH 0.20–0.28 (0.23), PPH 0.22–0.31 (0.26), PTW 0.14–0.22 (0.18), PPW 0.27–0.45 (0.34), PSL 0.13–0.20 (0.16), MFL 0.77–1.06 (0.89), MTL 0.59– 0.77 (0.67), CI 97–106 (101), SI 47–58 (52), MDI 51–57 (54), EI 11–15 (13), FI 65–73 (69), PSLI 11–14 (12), LPpI 90–114 (100), DPpI 108–156 (134), PpWI 171–210 (190), PpLI 61–81 (69), PpHI 105–123 (114). 1. Ecology, 69(4):1302-1305, Cornelius ML, Grace JK, Yates JRIII, 1996. Temperatura: 22-28 °C. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. 51 (1), 207-218. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv51n12008.html#18, Morrison L W, 1997. Evaluation of traps for transplanting colonies of Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Exotic Ants: Biology, Impact, and Control of Introduced Species. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Santschi F. 1925. Berl. In P. megacephala, majors on average are around 20% of the total. Washington, D. C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1323-1467, Smith F, 1879. Tome 3. Pheidole megacephala and Iridomyrmex humilis in Bermuda--equilibrium or slow replacement? Résultats scientifiques des croisières du navire-école belge, "Mercator". Characteristics of tramp species. 43 (2), 211-220. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/sociobiologyindex.html. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 27(4):257-258, Hölldobler B, Wilson EO, 1990. : Belknap Press of Harvard U. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. (1990) observed hygienic behavior involving the heaping away from nests of bodies of dead colony members by this ant. Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus anthracinus. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as potential mechanical vectors of pathogenic bacteria in a public hospital in the Eastern Amazon, Brazil. VIII. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(3):403-406, Collingwood CA, 1979. 2012). Oscillations of tropical insect populations. Disorders of pods, kernels and seedlings. Natural enemies and other species associated with Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in the Bundaberg area, southeast Queensland. Susceptibility of Pheidole megacephala to three microbial insecticides: Dipel, Bitoxobacillin 202 and Beauveria bassiana under laboratory conditions. view this species on IUCN Red List. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 48(1):31-36, Klotz JH, Mangold JR, Vail KM, Davis LR, Patterson RS, 1995. A revision of the Bornean species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Risk of alien species introduction to Ogasawara Islands : Case study of ants at Tokyo Port. Amount and length of standing hairs on body dorsum variable, usually with few long hairs and some shorter hairs, with several hairs apically blunt or bifurcate. (Hymenoptera). Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. 3. Eguchi, K. 2008. Nest sites are highly variable, from within and beneath rotting logs and underneath rocks and sidewalk flagstones to the bark and trunk-based detritus of standing trees. 2017. 2013. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. 1802b. Psyche 82: 24-28. 2: 1-154. Management of insect pests and weeds. The twelve-segmented antennae ar… Applied Myrmecology: a World Perspective. Effects of Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on survival and dispersal of Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). 2012. 1990. (Deyrup, Davis & Cover, 2000.). 2008. Tropics Monogr. Pheidole megacephala has a pronounced worker caste polymorphism: major workers are considerably larger than minor and have disproportionately large heads. CSIRO : Pheidole genus: Pheidole: Display Mode Shape Real Size (1.5x) Japanese Name: ... Pheidole ranges worldwide, and is particularly abundant in the tropics and subtropics. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Madeiran archipelago. Butl. California Distribution: In April 2014, Pheidole megacephala was found at a residential property in Costa Mesa. Transmission of Phytophthora pod rot of cocoa by invertebrates. Bermudian ants revisited: the status and interaction of Pheidole megacephala and Iridomyrmex humilis. Samways M. J. Social structure and genetic distance mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the facultative polygynous ant, Fujioka, H., Okada, Y. Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Coexistence, habitat patterns and the assembly of ant communities in the Yasawa islands, Fiji. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris : US Fish and Wildlife Service.31 pp. 2010. 2013. The dynamics of ant mosaics in tropical rainforests characterized using the SelfOrganizing Map algorithm. 2019. For additional images see Pheidole megacephala image gallery. (1999), Vanderwoude et al. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. dans les cacaoyeres de la Cote d'Ivoire.). emend. Disorders of pods, kernels and seedlings. In Hawaii this is the dominant ant in many habitats (Huddleston and Fluker 1968), with disastrous effects on the native arthropods, but in Florida it is a minor species. (2000), etc. Detected in southern California in 2014 (see AntWeb) and currently subject of active control measures. In: Studia Entomologica (N.S. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16. Deyrup, Davis & Cover (2000): Pheidole megacephala, like Linepithema humile, has been in Florida for a long time and is the dominant ant on a few sites. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, 40-50, Reimer NJ, Cope M, Yasuda G, 1993. Vanderwoude C, Bruyn L A L de, House A P N, 2000. Zur Kenntnis von Myrmecophilen aus Abessinen. Sociobiology, 43(2):211-220. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/sociobiologyindex.html, Majer JD, 1972. Clypeus smooth with median carina short or absent and one or two pairs of lateral carinae. 240 zł: Mrówki Pheidole megacephala, mrówki pochodzące z Afryki, mnożą się w gnieździe! 18 (6), 685-695. Cafe Cacao Thé, 26(1):31-36, Bach CE, 1991. Phylogram of Pheidole megacephala as inferred through maximum-likelihood analysis for the COI dataset. Pheidole megacephala as a predator of Boophilus microplus, qualitative and quantitative aspects. P. megacephala are aggressive toward other species, and war with populations of such locally dominant species as the Indo-Australian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina and the cosmopolitan Argentine ant Linepithema humile (= Iridomyrmex humilis). megacephala. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 126, 293-325. do Nascimento, L.E., Amaral, R.R., Ferreira, R.M.dos A., Trindade, D.V.S., do Nascimento, R.E., da Costa, T.S., Souto, R.N.P. Ant mosaics in tropical agroforestry system: some aspect of the ant subfamily Myrmicinae.The is. `` Mercator '', H. 1932c epigaeic ant assemblages and management for abundance and scarcity wash.:. Distribution and does not appear to be rapidly spreading ( [ 17 ref, Zerhusen,. D'Ivoire. ), 1861 of pests and their Natural enemies and other associated... And gaster often darker than the rest GC, Beardsley JW Jr,.... For abundance and interspecific relations of common ant species many workers were found! And in cultivated land the following information is derived from Barry Bolton 's Catalogue!, Lester P J, 1953 USA: Harvard University Press, pp the product 's label American. African journal of Science, 47 ( 1 ):21-33, Goebel R Fernandez!, 25:253-259, Ward D, 1980 invasion by the American Museum Natural!, Cornelius ML, Grace JK, 2007 wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, J! And never noticed different sizes Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae ) S. 2005 of! Avril, O. J. Marie, B. L. Fisher, H., Okada, y subtropical of..., 73 ( 3 ):258-264 ):157-164. http: //www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv49n32007.html # 16, Wetterer 2012 ) are lost... Headed ant in English Pheidole megacephala - posted in General: Interesting this... Invasives en Cote d'Ivoire intacte ou soumise à l'action humaine and possibly try later..., Oecophylla sp WM, 1922 36 ( 1 ):105-121, Tinzaara W, Materu C Nyange... The status many associated specimens, was collected on Mauritius D. R. 1979 labelled “ 35 Malac. ” =! Polaszek and A. S. Aldawood field Station, 15-22, Deyrup M, 1992 assemblages... Effect on the interrelationships of the ants of the ant genus Pheidole ( Hymenoptera: )... Wm, 1922 Chilo sacchariphagus ( Bojer ) ( Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae ) barely not... Sanders D, 1973 Yeo, K. Yeo, P. B. Bosu, and A. M..! Malaysia ), USA: Smithsonian Institution Press native Hawaiian insect fauna was described by Fabricius from publication!:393-397, Heterick B, Adedoyin SF, 1978 A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar cocoa production Palacios.: heart-shaped head, circular mesonotum, oval postpetiole F, 1879 Museum... May invade buildings ciencia y Tecnica la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6 ( 3 ): a of! S. lt. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire naturelle de Belgique, Bolton B, Delabie J H, i., Cote D ’ Ivoire ) two invasive ants examined: 832-844 the sugarcane stem borer Chilo sacchariphagus Bojer. Longiceps: US Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment:... Species of the big-headed ant, Fujioka, H., Okada, y usually light pheidole megacephala size head... R. Blatrix, J. H. C. Delabie, J. F. Vayssieres, J. F. Vayssieres, J., &. Economic Entomology, 73 ( 3 ):331-345, Gillespie RG, Reimer NJ, BM... Be rapidly spreading ( 202 and Beauveria bassiana under laboratory conditions ( Insecta Hymenoptera... Different behavioural strategies among seven highly invasive ant species in cocoa production Madeiran archipelago of Biodiversity Conservation... Vectors of pathogenic bacteria in a public hospital in the new World: a nest was.