Divergent and convergent thinking • Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions [1] • Convergent thinking is the thought process or method to make a deliberate and conscious choice. As per the research, convergent and divergent thinking affect mood in converse ways. When new, creative, innovative, and vague ideas are presented as a result of divergent thinking; systematic, procedural, precise and time-effective convergent thinking is required to work on the results of divergent thinkers, scrutinize and reach an unambiguous answer. It is true that withstanding the earth’s gravity to travel in space has been a dream that existed ever since women and men first cast their eyes on the stars. Neither is superior to the other – simply more appropriate for the task at hand. Convergent thinking encourages students to come up with one distinct answer to a question based on the information given to them. American psychologist JP Guilford coined the terms in the 1950s, which take their names from the problem solving processes they describe. It’s necessary! Sleep deprivation – A 1988 study by J.A. While divergent thinking was considered to be good, its counterpart was seen as either bad or a necessarily evil considerably exaggerated in business and schools. The possibilities are endless. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. Divergent Thinking. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. That speech assisted with rousing nearly 400,000 NASA staff and contractors to join hands as a cohesive team and achieve one of the best events of history in under a decade. Brainstorming and free writing are two processes that involve divergent thinking. While divergent thinking caused amplitude reductions in the cortex’s caudal regions in the Theta 1 and 2 bands, convergent thinking caused coherence boosts in the Theta 1 band that was more right-sided and caudal. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. The credit for coining the term “convergent thinking” goes to Joy Paul Guilford. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. This required a considerable amount of divergent thinking. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. Both examples would result in important outcomes. Once the stage of divergent thinking is complete, information and ideas are structured and organized using convergent thinking. The social media platform then initiated it to find out how people used the application so that based on the findings, the application could be refined. Convergent thinking is all about bringing information and rules together to develop one clear solution. Location. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Divergent thinking is a creative process of exploring many possible solutions to a problem. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. There are … Logic thought flow, pattern recognition, the capacity to solve problems and testing knowledge can all be evaluated and graded in these tests. In other words, this is a kind of thinking that concentrates on finding out the single best or frequently, correct solution to a problem or answer to a question. Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking … But they were quickly getting shot down. E-mail is already registered on the site. According to Anne Manning, coinstructor of Creative Thinking: Innovative Solutions to Complex Challenges, this constant switch between modes of idea generation (divergent thinking) and idea analysis (convergent thinking) prevents many teams from succeeding in the creative thinking process. When trying to solve any problem, there are two basic ways we can think about the possible solution. From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. Convergent thinking questions often require the subject to resolve, explain, identify, or define. Math is an example of convergent thinking. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as competing or conflicting processes. The term “divergent thinking” refers to that strategy of solving problems characterized by the proposal of a multiplicity of possible solutions in an attempt to determine the one that works. Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or make decisions is known as convergent type thinking. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. While the former triggered a negative mood, the latter triggered the exact opposite – a positive mood. Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. Bubble mapping, creating artwork, maintaining a journal, subject mapping, devoting some time to meditation and thinking, and building lists of questions are all examples of activities that trigger divergent thinking. As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. He wanted to know how the U.S. could defeat Russia in the space race. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Divergence is typically signified by the capacity to produce many, or a greater number of complicated or complex ideas from a single idea or simple triggers or ideas. One example of such a question would be: The majority of school tasks also call for convergent thinking. What choices does he have to cut his fuel consumption? By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. Results show that two personality characteristics namely Extraversion and Openness were seen to make possible divergent thinking. (2020, June). Mood – Research shows that gearing up for a creative thinking job can bring on mood swings determined by the kind of thinking utilized for the task. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. You’ve found your solution. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. When starting a new venture, …. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. Divergent vs. convergent thinking. Convergent thinking is usually contrasted with divergent thinking, which is defined as searching for a variety of relevant solutions to problems that have many possible answers, such as when one is brainstorming for topics to write about for a poem. Divergent thinking is used in steps 2 and 3. However, it may also be the case in an absolute sense. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. This strategy is best suited for situations characterized by a readily available answer that just has to be worked out or recalled by way of decision-making strategies. Having said that, an important development in recent years is the increasing acceptance of the fact that real creative production needs both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, and not just the former. You either have a right answer or a wrong one. You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! divergent vs. convergent thinking for idea generation. Although they are completely different in terms of the basic meaning of the terms and how they work, the major purpose is the same. That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. Divergent thinking is a longer process as compared to convergent thinking. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and … Openness analyzes intellectual curiosity, artistic interest, originality, liberal attitudes, and imagination. The alterations in brain activity, as they appeared in the EEG, were different for the two kinds of thinking. October 14th, 1957 is an important day in history. At times, this is true purely for the specific setting or in the experience of the person responsible for the variability in question. The trigger for the convergent example could be some other problem – maybe his car was totaled, and he only had a weekend to find an answer to the problem. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. Divergent thinking brings out the best outcomes when it is used for open-ended problems that enable creativity. Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking. However, it was only in the mid-20th century that there was actually technology available to make the dream a reality. In the late 1960s, the psychologist J.P. Guilford drew a distinction between two forms of thinking: convergent and divergent. The interest in developing divergent thinking is based on the belief that, as children, our capacity for divergent thinking is operating at peak capacity. This implies that all people irrespective of their personality engage in the convergent manner of thinking. The success of the Russians in technology came as a bolt to the United States. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. Skyrocket your resume, interview performance, and salary negotiation skills. We purposefully apply criteria as we screen, select, evaluate, and refine the options. With respect to the convergent tasks, two kinds were used. The opposite of divergent thinking is convergent thinking. Choosing what to wear in the morning is an exercise in divergent and convergent thinking. Nonetheless, no considerable difference was observed between subjects engaging in divergent thinking and convergent thinking. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Idea Generation: Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. Which three vehicles are the best replacements for his car? Outcomes from the tests showed that subjects who were categorized as considerably divergent thinkers had considerably higher reading and word fluency scores compared to subjects who were categorized to be low on divergent thinking. Give your team a break. Start studying Convergent vs. Divergent thinking. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. He came up with the term as an opposite term to “divergent thinking.” The focus for this thinking strategy is speed, logic and accuracy and on identifying the known, reapplying techniques, and amassing stored information. You start by looking in your closet to explore options. Your email address will not be published. A vital facet of convergent thinking is that it culminates in one best answer, meaning there is no chance for ambiguity. Money is not an issue. Password reset instructions will be sent to your E-mail. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. These two kinds of thinking are actually essential to creative problem solving and complement each other if the hierarchy of use is followed. In the case of the divergent tasks, though taken as a group, all the tasks showed a connection, they were not significant when studied between conditions. Think about budget. The considerable soaring of coherence and amplitude signifies a close iteration between both brain hemispheres. or enter another. A big outdoor party? Though launching something and finding out what the market for it is only after the launch doesn’t have to be a bullet-proof strategy (most cases it’s not), this seemed to be the case for Twitter. More time may be required to investigate the divergent example. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. Creative Ability – Creative ability was gauged in a study having both divergent and convergent tasks. Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Wikipedia states that convergent thinking is often used in conjunction with divergent thinking. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. Choose resume template and create your resume. To achieve this, researchers analyzed the electroencephalography (EEG) patterns of participants in the course of divergent and convergent thinking. By The Inventium Team February 25, 2013 July 29th, 2020 No Comments. That’s okay. and so 3) which is better? That was an example of chiefly convergent thinking. What follows is an extreme example of divergent thinking. Divergent and convergent thinking is not just for creativity in the workplace. Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”). Convergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. In contrast to a resting control group, both divergent and convergent thinkers produced considerable Alpha 1, 2 desynchronization. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. Divergent thinking involves artistry which is associated with the right brain while convergent thinking encompasses logical reasoning which employs the left brain. And voila! By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. Convergent thinking refers to the ability to put a number of different pieces from different perspectives of a topic together in some organized, logical manner to … However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. Convergent thinking is ideally suited for situations where there exists one best correct answer and it is feasible to determine the answer by way of evaluation of available stored information. With its frequent use of standardized tests, education today tends to lean heavily toward convergent thinking, which emphasizes the … One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. It usually happens in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner, where multiple creative ideas are engendered and evaluated. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. Choose cover letter template and write your cover letter. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. Get on promotion fasstrack and increase tour lifetime salary. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Divergent thinking opens the imagination to all possibilities, while convergent thinking analyzes and chooses from among those possibilities. Divergent thinking has been detected in people with personality characteristics such as these – curiosity, nonconformity, persistence and readiness to take risks. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. 2 min read In design thinking the number of possible ideas are created (‘divergent thinking’) before refining and narrowing down to … You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! Divergent thinking refers to the ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in an effort to find one that works. Personality – Personality correlates pertaining to convergent and divergent thinking were studied. Divergent thinking works best in issues that are open finished and take into consideration inventiveness. On the other hand, people engaged in convergent thinking tasks were seen to be more pliant with respect to short-term sleep loss. It was only after receiving expert advice pertaining to the matter that the president made his famous speech where he promised to get a man transported to the moon and also ensure his safe return, by the close of the decade. Divergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. Twitter developed an online service that did not have any obvious practical application. The first were remote associates tasks, which provided the subject with three words and asked the subject what word the three given words are connected to. Convergent thinking requires the individual to restrict ideas to those that might be identified as most correct, or “best” for a specific problem. In addition, the considerably divergent thinkers were revealed as having higher penetration and anxiety scores. Login form What about a big outdoor party with tents? No personality characteristics were found to be associated with convergent thinking. Post your jobs & get access to millions of ambitious, well-educated talents that are going the extra mile. The definitions of convergent and divergent thinking Convergent and divergent thinking are opposites, but both have places in your daily lessons. Please use the {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. In the first half of the 1960s, the then President John F. Kennedy sent letters to Wernher von Braun and other key persons in the aerospace industry. Your email address will not be published. Somehow these two thinking styles should strike a balance between possibilities and probabilities. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. The new hotel down the street? [2] A successful outcome of an idea generation session is to have a whole stack of break-through ideas to a particular business challenge or opportunity. We use them all the time in our daily lives! This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. On the other hand, subjects categorized in the considerably convergent thinkers groups were revealed to have higher average grades for the previous school year and less of a problem doing their homework which signifies that their parents pushed them in the direction of post-secondary education. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Standardized multiple choice questions are also an example of testing convergent thinking. Join Heather Clark, the Gifted Coordinator for the Licking County Educational Service Center to learn the defining features of divergent and convergent thinking, their strengths, weaknesses, and how to incorporate each type of thinking into classroom instruction. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. However, owing to the fact that the focus of divergent thinking is ideas rather than process, any solution determined as a result of divergent thinking, frequently needs convergent thinking to convert it into a practicable to-do-list. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. What’s more, when answering to insight problems, those who engaged in convergent thinking solved a greater number of insight problems compared to the control group. Picture this. Standard IQ tests measure convergent thinking. It’s important to mention that, at this stage, no ideas are bad, everything should be freely generated. Required fields are marked. [6] Similarities Between Convergent and Divergent Thinking In theory, convergent and divergent thinking are two completely different aspects of thinking. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique involving the bringing together different ideas from different participants or fields to determine a single best solution to a lucidly defined problem. Online resources to advance your career and business. It is frequently seen that problems are solved through a blend of convergent and divergent thinking. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. We actually need both convergent and divergent thinking. Horne revealed that even a single night of sleep deprivation can cause significant impairment to divergent thinking. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Given below is a comparison of the two thinking styles with the factors of comparison being mood, creative ability, intellectual ability, brain activity, personality and sleep deprivation. It is also looking at an idea from many viewpoints. Convergent and divergent thinking are similar in that both thinking strategies are used to determine solutions to problems. In a sense, divergent and convergent thinking are the Yin and Yang of creative problem solving. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? Here are two more examples that make the comparison between divergent thinking and convergent thinking clear. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Brain activity – Alterations in brain activity were assessed in subjects in the course of both divergent and convergent thinking. In response, the country set up the National Aeronautics and Space Administration a year later. However, they hold more in common than one might realize. Divergent and convergent thinking aren’t opposites; they are partners in facilitating creative and critical thinking. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. This phase involves being open to generate ideas and possibilities. Kennedy utilized data and facts to find out how the U.S. could defeat the Russians in the space conquest. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Convergent thinking depends intensely on the rationale and less on inventiveness, while divergent thinking emphasizes creativity. “Creativity requires constant shifting, blender pulses of both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, to combine new information with old and forgotten ideas. Also called: ‘Thinking … Find your dream job. The second kind were insight problems, which provided the subjects with certain contextual facts and posed a question to them that called for shedding light on. In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. © Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology. From this article, you’ll learn 1) what is divergent thinking? Image credit: Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology under Attribution 2.0 Generic, Wikimedia commons | Msingh209 under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. You entered an incorrect username or password, Depression is a growing concern of healthcare in the 21st century and it's a second-leading …, Short for electronic mail, email is defined as the forwarding of digital messages across …, Time management is one of the key skills entrepreneurs need to manage. “Divergent thinking is the process of coming up with new ideas and possibilities—without judgment, without analysis, without discussion. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. The convergent thinkers accurately solved a greater number of the five remote associates problems compared to their counterpart divergent thinkers. It was on this day that the Russians launched Sputnik into space, thereby initiating the space race. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? Theodore. Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology, How to Best Manage Your Time as Entrepreneur, Idea Generation: Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking. Productivity, Mindfulness, Health, and more. A manifold number of potential solutions are studied in a brief span of time, and unconventional connections may be drawn. Moving to everyday life, here’s an example of convergent and divergent thinking in practice. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. It calls for making unexpected combinations, changing information into unanticipated forms, identifying connections among remote associates, and the like. Please use the. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. Sorry, you must be logged in to post a comment. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. The first step — Identify the problem — starts the entire process. However, it could still be possible to find an option that is entirely different from what the user asked – like devise a vehicle that runs off of air, or start a new business from home. Divergent thinking, in order to be successful, must be open, expansive and free-flowing. But, before you run off and demand an end to all convergent thinking, don’t. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. Marketing, Sales, Product, Finance, and more. E-mail is already registered on the site. A structured search through millions of jobs. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Intellectual ability – A sequence of standard intelligence tests was utilized to measure the divergent and convergent thinking capacities of adolescents. 2) what is convergent thinking? This was shown to be considerably dissimilar by a one-way ANOVA. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Both types of thinking are important. Divergent vs Convergent Thinking Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Not just that but both strategies are directed at determining the best solutions. The guests won ’ t want to travel that far employs the left brain psychologists, the latter triggered exact... Next meeting contrast to a problem amount of people that you are expanding divergent thinking vs convergent thinking is divergent thinking more! 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