In many countries it has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, and it allows the growth of lawns or turf in areas near the sea where other lawn species do not flourish because of salinity, windy conditions or drought-prone sandy soils. Palatability is higher for buffaloes than for cattle (FAO, 2010). Due to the few leaves, it is seldom grazed. Science, 122:1089-1090. Sauer (1972) suggested that the inflorescences of almost all the species of Stenotaphrum show adaptations for dispersal of the seeds by ocean currents. S. secundatum contains about 1% of oxalates in the dry matter but this does not make it toxic to livestock (Garcia-Rivera and Morris, 1955, cited in FAO, 2013). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Size and Diet Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and can tip the scales at over a ton. It can grow on a wide range of soils including acid ones (Manidool, 1992, Stür et al., 1990). Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 7–9 -veined. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/407 Last updated on April 1, 2016, 15:40, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum), aerial part, fresh, Aregheore, E. M. ; Steglar, T. A. ; Ng'ambi, J. W., 2006. DAISIE (online). Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Busey and Augustin (1980) mentioned that ‘hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year to maintain St. Augustinegrass [S. secundatum]’ in home lawns and other turf areas. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) recommends using haloxyfop to control S. secundatum and other grasses (but not broadleaf species), or glyphosate, which will kill both grasses and broadleaf species (Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Global population of. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. secundatum (Walter) Domin, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. 11 to 12 months. Enquiries. Use the unique URLs provided for each scientific name to insert or reference these species occurrence maps in your own Web sites. Habitat. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). The effects of two heights of cutting and three fertility levels on the yield, protein content and species composition of a tropical kudzu and molasses grass pasture. A morphologically distinct subgroup of S. secundatum (a sterile triploid clone, termed a ‘deme’ by Sauer), originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, has become particularly widespread, transported by humans primarily as a lawn grass. Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2013. Broad leaf carpet grass forms a coarse-textured, fairly dense low-growing turf with a distinctive dark green colour. Sauer suggested that the modifications of the inflorescence allowed for short-distance dispersal of the seed by ocean currents. Seeds and stem segments are dispersed in dumped garden waste, and … J., 46 (1): 63-79, Loosli, J. K. ; Villegas, V. ; Garcia, G. V. ; Ynalvez, L. A., 1954. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Be the first to review this product. In many countries, S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but it has since spread as stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central)., http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. Sir Walter Buffalo vs Sapphire Buffalo. Upper glume apex acute. Paspalum conjugatum is a natural pasture in coconut plantations where it yields 19 t/ha fresh matter with no fertilizer and up to 30 t/ha with NPK fertilizer (at 310 kg/ha) (FAO, 2010). – grama Species: Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) As Paspalum conjugatum is tolerant to defoliation it withstands heavy grazing and frequent cuttings. It has been labelled a ‘garden thug’ in Australia, as it can spread and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). Rottboellia stolonifera Poir. Buffalo Grass : Scientific Plant Name: Buchloe dactyloides: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Bouteloua dactyloides: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. It is suitable as lawn-grass. It owes its distinctive sweet scent to the presence of coumarin. by Edgar, E.\Connor, H. E.]. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) suggested using weed mats for small, isolated patches and leaving them in position for 2-3 months. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi) (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central). The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. Ian Popay, consultant, New Zealand, with the support of Landcare Research. Description Description . Compared to other grass types such as Kikuyu or Couch, and other Buffalo grasses, Sir Walter is bulletproof. 1981. Lower glume apex obtuse. A review of 15 years of agro-pastoral experimentation on the IRHO Station of Saraoutou, Vanuatu. Pauwels L, 2013. It is a type of weed with triangular stems and tubers that resemble nuts, hence the name. Paspalum ciliatum Lamk. Appraisal of St. Augustinegrasses for south Florida. It is sometimes a weed in disturbed places, but is easy to control mechanically... [more information] Common Finger Grass. It reduces pasture productivity and causes significant degradation of natural areas. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. adventitious roots) at their joints (i.e. J. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. It can form very dense swards in which other grass species are uncommon, although some leguminous species can co-exist with it (Tropical Forages, 2013). Axonopus compressus. In: The Natural History of Canterbury [ed. Scientific name. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. 10, Coulon, J. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. Buffalo grass is generally used as fresh grass in pastures and cut-and-carry systems, or for hay (FAO, 2010). The Cape deme of S. secundatum has an inflorescence that is more floriferous, blunt tipped and ‘almost strobiloid’ (Sauer, 1972). Stolons present. Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. J.T. Buffalo grass, Buchloë dactyloides ' (or Bouteloua dactyloides) [previous posts on buffalo grass and bison; drought tolerance, name] is a short drought-tolerant native American grass. americanum (Schrank) Döll, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. Buffalo grass, (Bouteloua dactyloides), perennial western North American grass of the family Poaceae. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. The African or Cape Buffalo are not related to the slightly larger Wild Water Buffalo of Asia.The Cape Buffalo is the largest of the sub specie found in South and East Africa. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. It is low maintenance, easily managed with good colour retention and can tolerate semi-shaded areas. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. The swards take time to recover if grazed too closely, and mature herbage quickly becomes unpalatable, although it is fairly palatable when young. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Panicum conjugatum (P.J.Bergius) Roxb. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Bouteloua Lag. Dense forest to open plains. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. ); blousaad soetgras (Afr.) Grassland species profiles. Spikelet packing abaxial. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental or lawn grass, though its long winter dormancy … ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proceedings of a workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. Preferred Scientific Name. South African Medical Journal, 91(3):237-43. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/, DAISIE, 2013. Aldous DE; Chivers IH, 2002. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. [ed. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. DOC Research and Development Series, No.292:42 pp. Compositional data of feeds and concentrates. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Mullen BF; Shelton HM, 1996. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. Lemma apex acute. Paspalum longissimum Hochst. http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. - Buffalo Grass Guides - Perennial Ryegrass Seed Guides - Bermuda Seed Guides - Zoysia Guides; Blog . https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Weeds of Australia, 2013. V: Gramineae. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. Palea chartaceous (papery). Excellent drought tolerance, as Sir Walter Soft Leaf Buffalo was born and bred in Australia, under Australian conditions Paspalum conjugatum may help to control the spread of Imperata cylindrica if the pasture is grazed heavily (FAO, 2010). Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum). Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes.Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Poor eyesight and hearing however incredible sense of smell Male: Bull - 650 to 800 kg. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. Buffalo – Syncerus Caffer . The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. Buffalo Grass is one of the few dioecious grasses, though occasionally a plant will have both male and female flowers. S. secundatum can be confused with other summer-active, fast growing, stoloniferous grasses like Cenchrus clandestinus (formerly Pennisetum clandestinum) or Axonopius spp. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. Buffalograss (one word) is the common name of Panicum maximum (cf. It contains a haemostatic glucoside (paspaloside) that reduces the time for blood clotting by 50% (FAO, 2010). The Scientific Name of Buffalo Grass is Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalo Grass Physical Description Buffalo Grass is a soft blue/green grass that has find blades that lay down if not mowed. Habit: perennial; mat forming. North Bellingen, New South Wales, Australia. Shirley Poppy. Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. The wealth of India. It is a sacred grass of the indigenous peoples of Canada and the United States. Sundancer responds to the demand for warm season turf with superior turf qualities and performance from seed. Leaf-sheaths keeled. A., 1974. The Natal-Plata deme was originally collected from Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but is now much more widespread (Sauer, 1972). Scientific name. It likewise is well adapted as a protective turf on newly-developed air-fields, cantonments, ordinance plants, and other units in the region where the control of dust and erosion is essential. When established swards of S. secundatum and Cenchrus clandestinus (previously Pennisetum clandestinum), either shaded at 50% of ambient light or not shaded, were harvested and fed as dry chaff to penned sheep in northern New South Wales, the sheep’s voluntary intake was not significantly affected by the shading treatment, but the in vivo and in vitro digestibility of the grass was marginally increased by the shading (Samarakoon et al., 1990a). Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. Imported as cover crop for coconut plantations, Marsh at the head of the Bay of Biscay in 1861, A threat to native species: common on coastal cliffs and swards, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. A.]. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. In Australia S. secundatum was first found near Sydney and somewhere in the northwest by the mid-19th century. Wellington, New Zealand: A.H. & A.W. The Cape deme is a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). Summary. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. The plant has a history of being expensive and hard to establish but planting buffalo grass from the Paspalum conjugatum is considered of low nutritive value in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region (Stür et al., 1990). Flora of New Zealand - Vol. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Malay. It is drought-resistant, remaining green long into the dry season (Burkill, 1985). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Cats Tail. The establishment rate from stolons is not fast except in very warm climates (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Sundancer responds to the demand for warm season turf with superior turf qualities and performance from seed. Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. Common name. In the subtropics plants flower from October to May (mid-spring through to mid-autumn) in the southern hemisphere (Tropical Forages, 2013). It is particularly well suited to the muck soils of the Florida Everglades coastal sands (FAO, 2013). by Alldous, D. E.\Chivers, I. H.]. multiflorum Döll, Stenotaphrum secundatum var. Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, African wild dogs. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. The progeny of diploid seedlings showed wide phenotypic variation whereas tetraploids approached 100% sterility and triploids were highly sterile. It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. Organic matter digestibility for a 25 cm high, fresh forage was 65% (Loosli et al., 1954). Tropical Grasslands, 30(3):289-297. The Coast as a lawn and turf grass Peruvian tropics is dispersed during the long, dry summer! Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990 ) Kuntze, Benefits from human association (.... M. ; Stür, W. W. ( Eds human commensal ), highly likely to transported... Of good Hope region of South Africa and foot-wear ( Burkill, 1985 )., http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx flora_id=2! With the product 's label voluntary feed intake by sheep grazing under buffalo grass scientific name tree crop 112 pp, and. 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Of North America, Asia and Africa the nodes Hawaii, USA: National Data..., Maryland, USA: HEAR, University of Nebraska-Lincoln and thick sod, which settlers! Early settlers used in flower arrangements an acronym to view each weed list, or click here a... Impacts of s. secundatum is susceptible to many Common broadleaf herbicides ( Aldous and,! Code link view other plants in Central Africa ( R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi ) Plantes... Vegetative sprigs or plugs ( tropical Forages, 2013 ) and others that plants establish! Nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers ( tropical Forages: an interactive selection tool., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/ Brundu! Is a human commensal ), s. secundatum selected by going to generate Report deme ( morphological subgroup ) s.. And avid greenkeepers can develop into the best known ( Mabberley, 1997.. Generally increased nutritive value in Southeast Asia ( Ecoport, 2010: reference... 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But does not prevent reinvasion culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and cm... Raw materials and industrial products low maintenance and tough as a decorative plant in hanging baskets (,... Domin, Stenotaphrum glabrum var ian Popay, consultant, new Zealand, with the 's! And was first found near Sydney and somewhere in the production of distilled.... CABI Data Mining, Undated A. CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor ) ( Cultivées. Under plantation tree crop it is also visually striking for individual references in the industry.... University Press, Landcare Research in PIER, 2013 )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, J. It has been replaced by the Cape deme ( morphological subgroup ) of s. secundatum is frost tolerant and salt... Shoulder, and parts of the world the sections You need in and! Feedipedia, a been a particularly successful invasive ( Sauer, 1972 % of sunlight very! 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By s. secundatum is used for at least five different grass species, and of... Poor eyesight and hearing however incredible sense of smell male: Bull - 650 to 800 kg, and of!, expanding inflorescences Panicum maximum ( cf, images and the heaviest land animals in North America and trees impeded... Des travaux du Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947, 1948 et 1949 sanguinale L. SYSA2: Syntherisma (! Native: native species: native to the Caribbean, South America, and... Lemma lanceolate ; 4.5 mm long ; corky ; tough ; tip subulate %!