[7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. This trail is located in the South Mountain Park Reserve which offers over 51 miles of trails. Later, the emigrants increasingly included converts from the British Isles and Europe. South Mountain is an amazing mountain for a variety of hiking trails and level of hiker. There is a small parking lot and if full, you can park on the neighbouring streets. Mormon Trail oder auch Mormon Pioneer Trail ist die Bezeichnung für den Weg, den die Mormonenpioniere in der Mitte des 19. He would later be sustained as President of the Church and prophet. The best part of the hike was the hidden valley trail loop which included a tunnel and fat man's squeeze (which was hilarious watching some people go through). It did not take long, however, until the United States caught up with them, and in 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the land in which they settled became part of the United States. Check out Fatmans Pass! 1 Stake History 2 Salt Lake County Home Centered Church Opportunities 3 Draper Utah Temple 4 References We teach that true religion begins in the home: "Home Centered / Church Supported". This mountain bike primary trail can be used both directions and has a moderate overall physical rating with a 17 ft blue climb. This early departure exposed them to the elements in the worst of winter. Take the first left on to Phoenix South Mountain Park. TRAIL DESCRIPTION South Mountain is one of the most notable mountains in the East Valley due to its different trailheads in Ahwatukee, Chandler, and Phoenix. Therefore, an irrigation system was designed and the land was flooded before plowing, and the resulting system provided supplemental moisture during the year. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Please choose a different date. Trail "Can't believe I haven't been here sooner. South Mountain Park & Preserve is a hiking wonderland in itself. San Juan Rd. By comparison, Vail Resort is the largest ski resort in the U.S. at 5,300 acres. The directions for this hike are simple: stay on the main Mormon Trail (which later turns into the Hidden Valley Trail) until a half mile past the first intersection at the top of the hill. It's nothing but sketchy tech where wheel placement and speed are of the utmost importance. Nothing difficult. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. [14], In 1856, the church inaugurated a system of handcart companies in order to enable poor European emigrants to make the trek more cheaply. Great views of from the top and really interesting rock formations. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. This mushroom shaped boulder in the Hidden Valley wash was carved by thousands of years of erosion. By 1852, most of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo who wished to emigrate had done so, and the church abandoned its settlements in Iowa. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. [2][9], Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. The trails can be busy with mountain bikes. Marcos De Niza. [9], The journey from Winter Quarters to Fort Laramie took six weeks; the company arrived at the fort on June 1. This is a great workout hike, similar to the Mormon trail in elevation gain and difficulty. The Mormon Trailhead, located at the base of South Mountain near 24th Street and Valley View Avenue (south of Baseline Road), offers a short but challenging hike for those wanting to connect with the National Trail or Mormon Loop. Heavy rains turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into a quagmire of axle-deep mud. The Saints traveled the trail broken by the vanguard company, splitting the journey into two sections. The trail is primarily used for hiking, walking, running, and mountain biking and is accessible year-round. About the same time, they were joined by 12 more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. In Wyoming it travels the same route as the Oregon and California trails. It’s hard to even imagine making the trek for thousands of miles, but you can get a taste of it, pushing a cart for a small section on the trail. Desert Classic Trail. It smells like sweat trickling down your forehead as the sun beams down on you leaving a pink sun-kissed trace on your skin. As always be. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. This year's favorite spot was the Mormon Trail on South Mountain. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. Stay on the main trail, and you will eventually (2 ¼ miles from the trailhead) reach the turn for Fat Man’s Pass. Wildflowers can be great, good views and always good exercise. When we came through Fat Man's Pass , the trail connects to National Trail and we missed the turn back south. It wasn't until we had hiked a ways on the National Trail, turned around and walked along the bluff that we saw the sign. It passes multiple attractive and rocky lookouts on its way up to its high point. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants. I'll describe the trail going from South to North. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. The first portion is a pretty good uphill hike and takes about an hour. The company consisted of 143 men, including three black people and eight members of the Quorum of the Twelve, three women, and two children. Under the leadership of Joseph Smith, Latter Day Saints established several communities throughout the United States between 1830 and 1844, most notably in Kirtland, Ohio; Independence, Missouri; and Nauvoo, Illinois. Mormon (aka 24th Street) Mormon trail on South Mountain is an all around sweet downhill trail. Die Hauptroute des Trails durch die Great Plains war identisch mit dem Oregon und dem Mormon Trail.Dort verlief der Trail entlang dem Missouri River, daraufhin durch Nebraska entlang des Platte River und … If you’re trying to access National via Mormon, this is not the Mormon you want to take, the uphill is at least 50% unrideable and there are too many hikers for the downhill to be enjoyable. [1], Although the movement had split into several denominations after Smith's death in 1844, most members aligned themselves with Brigham Young and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It's a popular hiking trail due to its proximity to the trailhead parking lot. He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. Also saw a Black-Tailed Rattlesnake crossing the path about 30 feet in front of us so, yes, be aware...they are out there. However, the Saints were driven out of each of them in turn, due to conflicts with other settlers (see History of the Latter Day Saint movement). South Mountain Park "Suck in that gut!" Mormon trail South mountains Phoenix AZ #hiking #camping #outdoors #nature #travel #backpacking #adventure #marmot #outdoor #mountains #photography. Mormon Trail Difficult. The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. Mormon trail, South mountains, Phoenix, AZ. To that end families may consider the following local resources and programs to strengthen your core beliefs and values: 1. The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 miles (2,092 km) route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. toward hidden valley tunnel first, and realized most people were going against us. It was apparent that the Latter-day Saints could not make it to the Great Basin that season and would have to winter on the Missouri River. Mormon Trail Map - Path of the Mormon Pioneer Trail Mormon Trail Map Information The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. Ashley Allen. Life Stinks | Mormon Loop Trail on South Mountain. 4.0 (5) ... in South Mountain Park/Preserve #8592 Overall. There are some areas where you will be climbing rocks or sliding down them but it is all doable! While not the first to use handcarts, they were the only group to use them extensively. The Hidden Valley trail is a short trail and a must do with its natural tunnel and Fat Man's Pass. Look for one of the other trails to use Mormon … Sep 12, 2018 Jeff Mollica. Mormons were once persecuted and forced from their homes. On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. Even in April, the dry air can dehydrate you fairly quickly. Hidden Valley/Natural Tunnel. Note, this trail is also called the 24th Street trail and is not the Mormon Loop trail that parallels National. The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people all contributed to the difficulties they endured. Many boulders surround the Mormon Trail at South Mountain. Taking the Mormon Trail and connecting to the National Trail can access one of the most scenic trails, the Hidden Valley Trail … This area is not well developed. Pioneer Trek Pioneer Day Pioneer Life Mormon History Mormon Pioneers Church History Family History Mormon Trail Westward Expansion. This trail offers a steady climb to the upper areas of South Mountain Park. The departure from Nauvoo began on February 4, 1846, under the leadership of Brigham Young. TAKE WATER. That's because the sign is posted on the bluff above Fat Man's Pass and we were in the wash bed that runs through the pass because we chose to squeeze through it. Google South Mountain and print off the trail map as well as read all about the trails and difficulty levels. Ground was broken, irrigation ditches were dug, and the first fields of potatoes and turnips were planted. There are a multitude of trails in this area, many interconnected, so you can make a hike longer or shorter anytime you’re there. THE MORMON TRAIL. Pima Wash Trail. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. So when I started searching for the Mormon Mountain Trail, the three-mile ascent to that tree-covered rise south and east of Lake Mary, I became so discouraged that I almost bagged the whole idea. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail.. Plane landed at 8:30am, so we got our rental car and drove the easy drive to South Mountain. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. Many riders prefer to ride up Mormon Loop and then down National. There are several park entrances to hit the trails. [16], All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. There is a small parking lot and if full, you can park on the neighbouring streets. Mormon (Mormon Loop to National) is a 1,145 ft popular blue singletrack family friendly trail located near Phoenix Arizona. - See 1,286 traveler reviews, 671 candid photos, and great deals for Phoenix, AZ, at Tripadvisor. On average it takes 1 minutes to complete this trail. Mormon Loop to National Trail Loop is a 4.7 mile heavily trafficked loop trail located near Phoenix, Arizona that features beautiful wild flowers and is rated as moderate. Starting at the trailhead at S 24th Street, it is a bit of a steep climb to the top. By December 1847, more than 2,000 Mormons had completed the journey to the Salt Lake Valley, then in Mexican territory.[2][12]. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. South Mountain Park is the largest city-managed park in the country. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. The 4.5 mile segment between Big Mountain and Mormon Flats is part of the original Mormon Trail, now designated by Congress as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Didn’t appreciate how steep it was until I started heading back down. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. According to Woodruff, Young expressed his satisfaction in the appearance of the valley and declared, "This is the right place, drive on. The historic pass became the route for emigrants on the Oregon, California, and Mormon trails to the West during the 19th century. suggest that before hiking the park you go to the South Mountain Environmental Centre to pick up a trail map or look up the trail guide on-line. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. Life does stink. The uphill portion on the Mormon Trail crawls 700 feet up Neighborhood Canyon, dodging massive boulders, slickrock corridors and desert flora adapted to South Mountain’s … Brittle bush and Ocotillo plants show off their colors along Mormon Trail in South Mountain Park, Phoenix. Admittedly expectations were low compared to some of my favorite locales, White Tank and Estrella, but this trail and park were awesome! Pioneer Trek Pioneer Day … No traditional markers along the trail coupled with parking problems at the North end (see below), is probably why I've only seen two other people in all the times I've ventured on this trail. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,092 km) ... P. Pratt obtained the deed to the canyon and began the construction of a road through Big Canyon Creek in the Wasatch Mountains just south of Emigration Canyon in July 1849. They met severe winter weather west of present-day Casper, Wyoming, and continued to cope with deep snow and storms for the remainder of the journey. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. 360 Adventures: South Mountain Mormon Trail - Sunset - See 154 traveler reviews, 99 candid photos, and great deals for Scottsdale, AZ, at Tripadvisor. During the winter of 1846–47, the emigrants wintered in Iowa, other nearby states, and the unorganized territory that later became Nebraska, with the largest group residing in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. Trail. We did the Mormon Trail, then onto the National Trail which leads to the Hidden Valley Trail. Hike the extension trail that leads to Dobbins Lookout and be rewarded with a magnificent view of the valley below. Great hike. So one day years back on South Mountain’s Mormon Trail to Hidden Valley Loop, it was designated “favorite.” And since I’ve hiked it each year since, I’m starting to think it might actually be one of the best in town. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. After a safety briefing and training, gear up and ride across rugged, rocky trails in the scenic Bradshaw Mountains, as well as cross the Agua Fria River. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. He insisted the Mormons should settle in a place no one else wanted and felt the isolated Great Basin would provide the Saints with many advantages.[4]. Mormon Trailhead 8610 S. 24th St. Beverly Canyon Trailhead 8800 S. 46th St. Buena Vista Trailhead N. Buena Vista Rd. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. [13], Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. The companies left Iowa City, Iowa, in July 1856, very late to begin the trip across the plains. Food supplies were soon exhausted. About South Mountain Park. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. It smells like animal droppings left on the dusty trails of South Mountain. A short distance past the one mile marker, you arrive at another trail marker that shows the Mormon Loop heading off to the left and the Mormon Trail bearing off to the right. The uphill portion on the Mormon Trail crawls 700 feet up Neighborhood Canyon, dodging massive boulders, slickrock corridors and desert flora adapted to South Mountain’s craggy environs. Most of them are unclimbable due to choss, but with some imagination, there are many to be found with solid holds. After a bit of ascending up the rocky trail, views of the surrounding city become increasingly pleasant. Almost 3,000 Mormons, with 653 carts and 50 supply wagons, traveling in 10 different companies, made the trip over the trail to Salt Lake City. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. On April 5, the wagon train moved west from Winter Quarters toward the Great Basin. (Accessed via South Mountain Park/Preserve Main Entrance) Desert Foothills Trailhead In the spring of 1847, Young led the vanguard company to the Salt Lake Valley, which was then outside the boundaries of the United States and later became Utah. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming. There were a lot of kids out there too. South Mountain Park/Preserve 10919 S. Central Ave. Main Entrance 10211 S. Central Ave. Pima Canyon Trailhead* 4800 E. Pima Canyon Rd. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. City of Phoenix Parks and Recreation This trail is a beast. Under Young's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of Nauvoo set out to find a new home in the West. Took my husband and I just over 2 hours to make the 4.25 mile loop. The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile (2,092 km) route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. [2][10], Young met mountain man Jim Bridger on June 28. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Gate. From this road, proceed to Holbert Trailhead to continue onto Holbert Trail. South Mountain Park: Trek the Mormon Trail! Pima West Loop Trail. Faint etchings in rock faces known as petroglyphs remain as evidence of ancestral Hohokam Indians. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. We went. However, the actual trip across Iowa was slowed by rain, mud, swollen rivers, and poor preparation, and it required 16 weeks – nearly three times longer than planned. Just be alert. Show Breakdown 4.2 from 22 votes 5 Star 36% 4 Star 50% 3 Star ... Mormon trail and Hidden Valley Trail 4.5mi — 1h 40m Oct 24, 2018 Ray Johnson. All tech with some moderately big obstacles to overcome. As the country's largest urban park, the 16,000-acre South Mountain Park and Preserve has many trails for a hiker to explore its variable and unique … [15], The handcarts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers and were made almost entirely of wood. Hop on your own ATV on this off-roading adventure in the Sonoran Desert. The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. Der Verlauf des California Trail und die Wahl der einzelnen Routenmöglichkeiten hing vom Ausgangspunkt, dem Zielort in Kalifornien, sowie dem Zustand der Zugtiere und Fahrzeuge ab. I would. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Starting at the trailhead at S 24th Street, it is a bit of a steep climb to the top. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Parking is good at 46th & 48th entrances. As the country's largest urban park, the 16,000-acre South Mountain Park and Preserve has many trails for a hiker to explore its variable and unique terrain. The first mountain hike I've been on. South Mountain is one of the most notable mountains in the East Valley due to its different trailheads in Ahwatukee, Chandler, and Phoenix. [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. Religious freedom, an American ideal, has on occasion been denied certain sects because of prejudice. Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. headed to the Mormon Trailhead. [17], The handcart companies continued with more success until 1860, and traditional ox-and-wagon companies also continued for those who could afford the higher cost. Someone once said, “Life stinks,” and I couldn’t possibly agree more. Plenty of parking Saw lots of interesting cacti, some blooming in April. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. South Mountain Park: Trek the Mormon Trail! South Pass is the lowest point on the Continental Divide between the Central and Southern Rocky Mountains. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. While at Fort Laramie, the vanguard company was joined by members of the Mormon Battalion, who had been excused due to illness and sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado, and a group of Church members from Mississippi. Some 60,000-plus Mormon emigrants used some or all of that trail to “gather to Zion” between 1846 and 1868. Pima Canyon Trailhead. Show Breakdown 4.0 from 5 votes 5 Star 20% 4 Star 60% 3 Star 20% 2 Star 0% 1 Star 0% Trail … However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. Sorry, there are no tours or activities available to book online for the date(s) you selected. It encompasses roughly 17,000 acres. in South Mountain Park/Preserve #352 Overall. The passes furnish a natural crossing point of the Rockies. That trail extends for 1,300 miles from Nauvoo, Illinois to downtown Salt Lake City. It's cool to see what beauty erosion creates. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. 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Come Follow Me: - Daily & Weekly family gospel study 2. The climb was every bit of moderate with some difficult spots and incredibly scenic. Also saw many birds and lizards, including some large Common Chuckwalla's. They discussed routes into the Salt Lake Valley and the feasibility of viable settlements in the mountain valleys of the Great Basin. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. The rock formations, tunnels are amazing! "[2][11], In August 1847, Young and selected members of the vanguard company returned to Winter Quarters to organize the companies scheduled for following years. Farming the uncultivated land was initially difficult, as the shares broke when they tried to plow the dry ground. 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